How To Start An LLC In Massachusetts

Starting an LLC if you are a beginner might seem daunting. However, in actuality, the process of creating one is not as complex as it seems to be. With the right information and guidance, you can take those first steps toward creating an LLC without any hassles. 

If you are opting to start an LLC in Massachusetts, you’ve come to the right place. We have compiled all the essential information in this comprehensive guide on how to open an LLC in Massachusetts and the things you would need to consider down the path.


What is LLC?


What are the advantages of an LLC?


What are the disadvantages of an LLC?

LLC Formation

What are the steps to starting an LLC?

Types of LLC

Which type of LLC is ideal for me?

LLC Taxes

What are my tax obligations?


What is the cost of forming an LLC?


How does LLC compare to other business entities?


What is an LLC?

An LLC, or Limited Liability Company, is a business structure that offers a corporation’s limited liability protection and a partnership’s tax advantages and flexibility in operations. An LLC’s owners are called ‘members’, which can also be corporations, partnerships, or foreign entities. The members have the ability to manage their own business and are not personally liable for any debts the LLC may incur. 

This structure allows businesses to enjoy the financial benefits of a corporation while still offering pass-through taxation similar to that of a partnership. An LLC also offers increased flexibility in how it is managed and taxed, which can be beneficial for small businesses. As with other business structures, such as corporations and sole proprietorships, LLCs must still register with their state and obtain a business license. 

Also, LLCs may need to file annual reports and pay applicable taxes for the given jurisdiction. While LLCs are becoming increasingly popular due to the liability protection offered to their members, it is important that businesses understand the obligations of setting up and operating an LLC before committing to this business structure.


Advantages Of an LLC In Massachusetts

The Limited Liability Company (LLC) structure is a popular business entity for businesses of all sizes. Incorporating your business as an LLC offers many benefits, from limited personal liability to an exemption from income tax. Here, we explore the five main benefits of forming an LLC in Massachusetts.

Limited personal liability

When a business is incorporated as an LLC, it is given its own legal identity separate from its owners and managers. This means that if the company were to be sued or face any other financial problems, the owner’s personal assets would be legally protected from creditors and lenders. This makes owning an LLC much less risky than other forms of business entities like sole proprietorships or partnerships.

Exemption from income tax

An LLC in Massachusetts is exempt from paying income taxes on profits generated by the company; instead, profits are taxed individually as part of the owner’s personal income tax return. This allows you to keep more money in your pocket since you won’t have to pay double taxes on profits earned by the company.

Easy tax filing

Filing taxes for an LLC is very straightforward. All you need to do is file a single form with the IRS and pay taxes on your individual income earned by your business entity each year. Additionally, filing taxes for an LLC requires far less paperwork than other forms of business structures like corporations or S-corporations, which require multiple forms and complex filing procedures each year.

Low-cost formation

Another major benefit of forming an LLC in Massachusetts is that it is relatively inexpensive compared to other types of businesses, such as corporations or S-corporations, which have more complex formation requirements and may require expensive lawyers or accountants to set up properly. All you need to do to form an LLC in MA is file a few simple documents with the Secretary of State’s office.

Raising funds

Finally, another advantage to forming an LLC in Massachusetts is that it can make it much easier for your company to raise funds from investors. They will be able to invest directly into your company without having to worry about being personally liable for any losses incurred by their investment decisions which can be a major concern for investors when investing in sole proprietorships or partnerships where they are exposed directly to potential liabilities due to their ownership interest in those businesses.


Disadvantages Of An LLC In Massachusetts

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs) offer great flexibility and protection to business owners. However, they also come with certain drawbacks. We will explore the potential disadvantages of forming an LLC in Massachusetts.

Complicate investor tax situations

One of the primary drawbacks to forming an LLC in Massachusetts is that it can complicate investor tax situations. An LLC is considered a “pass-through” organization, meaning that profits or losses are passed directly to the owners. This can make filing taxes more complicated for investors, as they must account for their share of the company’s expenses and income on their personal returns.

Cost of registration

Another disadvantage to forming an LLC in Massachusetts is its high cost. Filing fees are associated with creating an LLC, which vary from state to state. Additionally, it is important to note that ongoing maintenance costs, such as accounting and legal fees, may also apply.

Transferable ownership

A third disadvantage of forming an LLC in Massachusetts is that transferable ownership may be limited or restricted. Depending on the company’s governing documents, transferring ownership between members may be difficult or impossible without unanimous consent. This could pose a problem if one member wishes to leave the company but has difficulty finding someone willing to purchase their stake in the business.

Investor appeal

Lastly, it is important to note that many investors view LLCs as a less attractive investment than corporations due to their pass-through tax structure and lack of liquidity options. As a result, raising capital as an LLC can be more challenging than raising capital as a corporation.

LLC Formation

How To Form An LLC In Massachusetts

Forming a limited liability company (LLC) in Massachusetts can ensure your business’ success and long-term viability. A Massachusetts LLC provides limited liability protection that a sole proprietorship or partnership cannot, as it separates your business’ finances and assets from your personal ones.

Fortunately, forming an LLC in Massachusetts is relatively straightforward. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

  1. Choose a unique name for your business
  2. Choose a registered agent in Massachusetts
  3. File your Massachusetts LLC articles of organization
  4. Create an operating agreement
  5. Apply for an EIN

Choose a unique name for your business

When you are searching for a unique name for your business to form an LLC in Massachusetts, there are some things that you should consider. First, make sure the name is not already in use. You can search the Massachusetts Corporations Division database to ensure that no other companies are registered with the same name. It is also important to make sure that your chosen name does not incorporate any words that may be trademarked by another business, as this could lead to legal disputes. 

Additionally, you may want to create a unique logo for your business that can serve as another way of distinguishing it from others. Finally, consider the audience you are trying to target with your business and select a name that reflects its mission. With careful consideration, you can choose a unique name for your business to form an LLC in Massachusetts and ensure its success.

Once you have decided on a unique name for your business, you will need to register it with the Massachusetts Corporations Division. This is done by filing a Certificate of Organization and submitting an associated fee of $30, and the process will let you reserve a name for 60 days. The convenient reservation renewal option allows you to extend your stay for 60 days. 

Additionally, if you plan to operate your business as an LLC in Massachusetts, you must file a Certificate of Formation. This form is also available on the Corporations Division website and includes information such as the name and address of the LLC, its purpose, and the names of members. Once you have registered with the Massachusetts Corporations Division, your unique business name is officially protected. 

When crafting your business name, be sure to include one of the following in order for it to legally qualify: “LLC,” “L.L.C.,” “L.C.,” or “LC.” This ensures that you and your company have limited liability under the law.

By choosing a unique name for your business and filing the associated paperwork, you can ensure that your business is legally recognized in Massachusetts. With this recognition comes peace of mind that your business is protected and you can move forward with confidence.

Choose a registered agent in Massachusetts

A registered agent in Massachusetts is an individual or entity that agrees to accept legal documents and other official correspondence on behalf of your business. This person or company must have a physical address in the state. 

The registered agent acts as an intermediary between your business and the state’s legal system. They are responsible for receiving important documents such as tax forms, annual report filings, service of process papers, court summons, and other legal papers. They must then forward the documents to the business promptly so they can be reviewed and responded to properly.

When selecting a registered agent, it is important to thoroughly research the company or individual. Ensure the address they provide is valid and active and that they have the necessary experience handling legal documents. It is also important to ensure they are available during normal business hours to receive and forward documents quickly.

Ensuring you have a reliable registered agent in Massachusetts will help protect your business from legal issues. It is important to review your options carefully and select the best candidate.

File your LLC articles of organization

Your Articles of Organization must be filed with the Corporations Division of the Massachusetts Secretary of State. The filing fee is $500, and payment must be made by check or money order, payable to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

The Articles of Organization should include the following information:

  • The name of the LLC
  • The street and mailing address of the LLC’s office, as well as its primary business purpose
  • The name and address of the LLC’s registered agent
  • Whether or not its members will manage the LLC
  • The names and addresses of the LLC’s organizers
  • The name, address, and signature of the person filing the Articles of Organization

Once the Secretary of State has accepted your Articles of Organization, you will receive a Certificate of Organization or Articles of Organization, which serves as evidence that your LLC has been created. This document includes a unique identifying number, the LLC name, the address, and the date of formation.

This certificate is proof of your LLC’s existence and may be used to open a bank account, obtain insurance, file taxes, and more. 

It’s also important to note that filing your Articles of Organization does not guarantee that your LLC will be approved and accepted. The Secretary of State may reject the Articles of Organization if it does not comply with state regulations or if the information provided is incorrect or incomplete. If your Articles Of Organization is rejected, you must submit a new filing with accurate and complete information.

Once your LLC has been fully formed and approved, you can begin operating it in accordance with the laws of Massachusetts. Depending on your specific business needs, you may need to obtain additional permits or licenses to operate your business legally.

Create an operating agreement

The operating agreement is a critical document for any LLC in Massachusetts. It establishes the rules and regulations of how the business will be managed, including the rights and responsibilities of each member. It also serves to resolve any future disputes that may arise between the members.

It is important to ensure that the operating agreement is drafted in accordance with the laws of Massachusetts. It should include information about the LLC’s structure and management, such as each member’s duties and powers, financial contributions and distributions, voting rights, decision-making procedures, dispute resolution protocols, and dissolution procedures.

The operating agreement in Massachusetts should be reviewed and signed by all the members of the LLC. It is also recommended that you consult with a lawyer to ensure that the agreement complies with all applicable laws and regulations.

Apply for an EIN

Forming a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in Massachusetts requires you to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN). An EIN is a unique nine-digit number that the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) uses to identify and track businesses for tax purposes. You can use this number to open a business bank account and file taxes for your LLC.

Applying for an EIN is easy and can be done online or through the mail. You must first create an account with the IRS Online EIN system to apply online. This allows you to easily check the status of your application, make changes to an existing EIN, or apply for a new one. Once you have created your account, you can complete the application process in just a few minutes.

Types of LLC

Which type of LLC is ideal for me?

When it comes to LLCs, there are a couple of options available to you in the state:

  1. Domestic LLC: This is the most common type of LLC for people starting a business in Massachusetts. A domestic LLC is formed within the state and is governed by Massachusetts laws. This is likely the best option for you if your business will primarily operate within the state.
  2. Foreign LLC: If your business is already registered in another state and you’re looking to expand your operations to Massachusetts, you would need to register as a foreign LLC. This allows your existing business to legally conduct business in Massachusetts while still maintaining its original registration in the other state.
  3. Professional LLC (PLLC): This type of LLC is specifically designed for licensed professionals, such as attorneys, doctors, architects, or engineers. A PLLC provides the same limited liability protection as a regular LLC, but with additional requirements related to the professional licenses held by its members.
  4. Series LLC: Massachusetts currently does not offer Series LLCs. This type of LLC structure allows for the creation of separate, legally distinct “series” or divisions within a single LLC. Each series can have its own assets, liabilities, and members, providing a higher level of flexibility and protection. If you’re interested in this structure, you would need to consider forming your LLC in a state that recognizes Series LLCs.

As you decide on the best type of LLC for your new venture, it’s essential to consider your business’s unique needs and goals. If you need further assistance or have any questions, don’t hesitate to consult with a legal or business professional to help guide you through the process.

LLC Taxes

Applicable LLC Taxes In Massachusetts

Starting a business is exciting. It’s a bold move to invest in yourself and your future. When starting a business, it’s important to be aware of the applicable taxes that will shape your budget and profits. For those in Massachusetts, this guide will provide an overview of the taxes associated with LLCs. 

Franchise Tax 

When forming an LLC in Massachusetts, you must pay a one-time franchise tax when registering your business with the state. The amount depends on the type of business structure you choose. For an LLC, this tax can range from $500-$50,000 depending on how much capital the company has invested or if it is publicly traded. Additionally, filing fees vary from $275 to $475, depending on the company’s size. 

Sales Tax 

In Massachusetts, all sales are subject to 6.25% sales tax unless otherwise exempt by law. Sales tax is collected by businesses as part of their sale of goods and services and then sent to the Department of Revenue (DOR). It is important for businesses operating in Massachusetts to understand their obligations regarding collecting and remitting sales tax properly and accurately, so they don’t face any penalties or fines from the DOR. 

Corporate Tax 

LLCs are generally not subject to corporate income taxes at either the state or federal level; however, they may have to pay taxes based on any profits made from activities such as income from investments or rental properties owned by an LLC member. Members who work for their LLC may also be responsible for self-employment taxes if they are actively involved in business operations.


Costs Of Forming An LLC In Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, forming an LLC typically requires a filing fee of $500. Additional costs may include legal and accounting fees and state and local taxes associated with the formation process. Depending on the type of business, other fees may be necessary to complete the formation process. For example, specialized licensing fees may be required for certain businesses, such as food services or manufacturing. It is important to research any additional costs associated with forming an LLC in Massachusetts before taking the plunge. 

By doing so, business owners will have an understanding of the total cost and can plan accordingly. Ultimately, forming an LLC in Massachusetts can be a great way to protect your business interests and provide a foundation for success. Knowing the costs associated with the LLC formation process will help ensure you get the most out of your investment.

LLC Costs

Certificate of Organization filing fee


Name reservation (optional)


Registered Agent fees (annual, up to)


Massachusetts Annual Report (annual)


Business permits and licenses


Employer Identification Number (EIN)


Operating Agreement (optional, up to)



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